Anterior Vaginal Wall Repair

Anterior vaginal wall repair is surgery that tightens the front (anterior) wall of the vagina.
Procedure Description
  • You will be given medicines to help you relax.
  • Usually, a surgical cut (incision) is made through the front wall of your vagina.
  • Your bladder is moved back to its normal location.
  • Your vaginal wall may be folded, or part of it may be cut away.
  • Sutures (stitches) are made in the tissue between your vagina and bladder. These will hold the walls of your vagina in the correct position.
  • Your doctor may place human-made (synthetic) material between your bladder and vagina.
  • If needed, sutures attach the walls of the vagina to the tissue on the side of your pelvis. Sometimes, your doctor also makes a surgical cut in your belly. This may be up and down or across.

Why the Procedure is Performed

This procedure is used to repair the sinking of the vaginal wall (prolapse) or bulging that occurs when the bladder or urethra sink into the vagina.

Symptoms of prolapse that you may have include
  • You may not be able to empty your bladder completely.
  • Your bladder may feel full all the time.
  • You may feel pressure in your vagina.
  • You may have pain when you have sex.
  • You may leak urine when you cough, sneeze, or lift something.
  • You may get bladder infections.

This surgery by itself does not treat stress incontinence (leaking urine when you cough, sneeze, or lift). It may be performed along with other surgeries. Before doing this surgery, your doctor may have you learn pelvic floor muscle exercises (Kegel exercises), use estrogen cream in your vagina, or try a device called a pessary in your vagina to hold up the prolapse.

Risks for this surgery include:
  • Damage to the urethra, bladder, or vagina
  • Irritable bladder
  • Changes in the vagina (prolapsed vagina)
  • Urine leakage from the vagina or to the skin (fistula)